IBM announces next-generation IBM POWER 10 processors

The new CPUs are co-optimized with Red Hat OpenShift to enable enterprise hybrid clouds.

IBM today officially released the next generation in the IBM POWER central processing unit (CPU) family: IBM POWER10. IBM POWER10 is designed to provide enterprises with a platform for their unique hybrid cloud computing needs. The processor uses a 7nm process with a focus on energy efficiency and performance. Compared to IBM POWER9 processors, IBM POWER10 is expected to deliver up to 3X improvement in energy efficiency, workload capacity and container density.

IBM announces next-generation IBM POWER 10 processors

The IBM POWER10 processor, which took five years to design and has received hundreds of new and pending patents, is an important milestone in the evolution of the POWER family, with innovations including:

IBM’s first commercial 7nm processor

Compared to IBM POWER9, the capacity and processor energy efficiency can be increased by 3 times at the same power consumption, resulting in higher performance.

Supports petabyte-level memory clusters

Increase capacity and cloud economics in memory-intensive workloads from independent software vendors (ISVs) such as SAP, SAS Institute, and large-scale artificial intelligence (AI) applications with new breakthrough Memory Inception technology.

Safety features based on hardware design

Includes in-memory encryption technology that is transparent to the user layer, providing end-to-end security. The IBM POWER10 processor is designed for significantly faster encryption, with four times the number of encryption engines per core for Advanced Encryption Standard (AES) than IBM POWER9, for today’s most stringent standards and future encryption standards such as quantum-safe encryption and fully homomorphic encryption). Container security has also been further enhanced.

Adopt new processor core architecture

Built-in embedded matrix math accelerator, compared with IBM POWER9 processor, the AI ​​inference speed of FP32, BFloat16 and INT8 calculation per socket is increased by 10 times, 15 times and 20 times respectively, thus integrating AI into commercial applications and achieving more Deep insight.

IBM announces next-generation IBM POWER 10 processors

Stephen Leonard, general manager of IBM Cognitive Systems, said: “Enterprise hybrid cloud requires a stable local and remote architecture, including hardware and co-optimized software. With IBM POWER10, we have designed the top processor for enterprise hybrid cloud to meet customer expectations. performance and security requirements. Our goal is to make Red Hat OpenShift the default choice for hybrid cloud, and IBM POWER10 brings hardware-based container capacity and security enhancements into IT infrastructure.”

IBM announces next-generation IBM POWER 10 processors

IBM POWER10 7nm process

Improves energy efficiency and capacity

IBM POWER10 is IBM’s first commercial chip using the 7nm process. For more than a decade, IBM Research has collaborated on research and development with Samsung Electronics Co., Ltd., including the semiconductor industry’s first 7nm test chip with IBM Research Alliance partners.

Based on this technology and a design focus on performance and efficiency, IBM POWER10 is expected to deliver a 3X improvement in processor energy efficiency per socket, increasing workload capacity at the same power consumption compared to IBM POWER9. This anticipated capacity increase enables IBM POWER10-based servers to increase container densities for users, workloads and OpenShift by a factor of 3 for hybrid cloud workloads compared to IBM POWER9-based systems. 1 This results in increased efficiency and lower costs (such as space and energy), while hybrid cloud users can do more in a smaller footprint.

Hardening hardware to further secure hybrid cloud

With an additional AES encryption engine, IBM POWER10 can provide hardware in-memory encryption for current leading encryption standards as well as future encryption protocols such as quantum-safe encryption and fully homomorphic encryption for end-to-end security and higher encryption performance.

Additionally, to secure higher density containers, IBM POWER10 offers new hardware-enforced container protection and isolation capabilities co-developed with IBM POWER10 firmware. If one container is compromised, the POWER10 processor protects other containers in the same virtual machine (VM) from such a compromise.

Cyberattacks are constantly evolving, and newly discovered vulnerabilities can cause business disruption while waiting to be fixed. To better enable customers to proactively defend against new application vulnerabilities in real time, IBM POWER10 provides users with dynamic execution register control, which means users will be able to design more defensive applications with minimal performance loss.

Petabyte-scale memory cluster

Guaranteed flexibility for multiple hybrid deployments

IBM POWER has long been a leader in providing a variety of flexible deployments for hybrid cloud and on-premises workloads through a combination of hardware and software capabilities. The IBM POWER10 processor is designed to increase this capability, allowing it to share the physical memory of a cluster in various configurations on IBM POWER10-based systems. With Memory Inception breakthrough new technology, IBM POWER10 processors allow any IBM POWER10 processor-based servers in a cluster to access and share each other’s memory, creating petabyte-scale memory clusters.

Memory Inception technology can enable cloud providers to provide more functionality with fewer servers, while enabling cloud users to lease fewer resources to meet their IT needs, saving costs and reducing energy consumption for both parties.

Infuse AI into Enterprise Hybrid Cloud for Deeper Insights

As more and more business applications for transactional and analytical workflows begin to adopt AI technology, AI inference is gradually becoming the core of enterprise applications. IBM POWER10 processors are designed to enhance core AI inference without requiring additional specialized hardware.

Compared to IBM POWER9 processors, IBM POWER10 has built-in embedded matrix math accelerators that make AI inference 10x, 15x, and 20x faster for FP32, BFloat16, and INT8 computing, respectively, improving performance for enterprise AI inference workloads, 2 Help Businesses take the AI ​​models they train and apply them to real work. With IBM’s broad portfolio of AI software, IBM POWER10 is expected to incorporate AI workloads into typical enterprise applications to glean more impactful insights from data.

Building the Enterprise Hybrid Cloud of the Future

In addition, with optimization for Red Hat OpenShift and hardware, IBM will create a future hybrid cloud. Samsung Electronics will manufacture the IBM POWER10 processor, which combines Samsung’s industry-leading semiconductor manufacturing technology with IBM’s CPU design.

1. Based on pre-silicon engineering analysis of integer, enterprise, and floating-point environments on a POWER10 dual-socket server with 2×30 core modules and a POWER9 dual-socket server with 2×12 core modules at equal power consumption 3 times the performance results.

2. Based on various workloads (Linpack. Resnet-50 FP32, Resnet-50 Bfloat16 and Resnet-50 INT8) on a POWER10 two-socket server with 2×30 core modules and a POWER9 two-socket server with 2×12 core modules A pre-silicon engineering analysis of 10-20 times the results.

Author: Yoyokuo