In 2021, the construction of smart cities will enter the next decade. The next ten years will be a decade of innovation and development of smart cities, as well as a decade of large-scale implementation. In the 2021 government work report, it is pointed out that in the future, it will continue to support major projects that promote coordinated regional development, promote the construction of “two new and one heavy”, implement a number of major projects such as transportation, energy, water conservancy, and build new infrastructure such as information networks. Develop a modern logistics system.
The “14th Five-Year Plan” proposes to insist on the core position of innovation in the overall situation of my country’s modernization drive, to take technological self-reliance and self-reliance as a strategic support for national development, and to “accelerate the pace of digital society construction”, “build smart cities”, and “explore and build digital “Twin cities” and so on.
In the future, with cloud computing, big data, Internet of Things, AI, VR, AR…more and more sophisticated digital technologies “fly into the homes of ordinary people” and integrate into all aspects of people’s production and life. Unmanned driving, online medical care, financial technology, intelligent distribution, etc., digital technology promotes the innovation of public services and social operation methods, and also provides more service models and products. The scenes that were originally in the “imagination” have become Reality.
Smart cities cover multiple application fields such as smart transportation, smart grid, smart water, smart environmental protection, smart medical care, smart elderly care, smart communities, smart homes, smart education, and smart land. As it involves information technologies such as the Internet of Things and cloud computing, there are experts who define it: Smart City = Digital City + Internet of Things + Cloud Computing.
A smart city mainly consists of several key components: perception layer, network layer, platform layer, and application layer. After careful analysis, it is not difficult to find that artificial intelligence technology is inseparable from the perception layer, network layer, platform layer or application layer. Therefore, technological innovation and application will become a key factor in the development of smart cities. No matter how good the top-level design is, if there is no technology to support it, it will not be possible to achieve the landing.
There are many interesting statistics on smart cities this year. Some of these reports are in this year’s Statista and IDC FutureScape: “Global Smart Cities and Communities Forecast 2019”, two points are as follows:
By 2022, investment in smart cities is expected to reach a peak of US$158 billion. In all respects, the fastest growth is expected to be in the Americas, where public transportation spends the most, as well as fixed visual surveillance.
It is estimated that by 2023, 50% of cities will use platforms to rely on their own crowdsourcing to participate in city budgets and decision-making. Water scarcity is seen as a risk that has doubled this year.
Therefore, it is expected that by 2024, 45% of cities and communities will use IoT-based water management for usage and quality monitoring and leak detection.
By 2021, global smart city spending will reach a staggering US$34.5 billion. The share of smart energy in the global smart city market is 15.8%.
By 2023, the estimated expenditure for smart grids in the North American market is estimated at $16.8 billion. In addition, the microgrid in the Southwestern United States has a power generation capacity of 700 megawatts. In California, the number of smart meters installed will increase by 12.79 million.
In North America alone, the market for smart buildings based on the Internet of Things will reach US$44.81 billion by 2021. Smart lighting in the global residential building sector is expected to reach 2.88 billion U.S. dollars.
By 2021, the intelligent transportation industry predicts that the global automotive sensor market will cost $43 billion.
By 2021, shipments of connected cars are expected to reach 83.25 million.
Without smart homes, smart cities will be incomplete. Therefore, by 2021, the global smart home market is predicted to reach 40.9 billion U.S. dollars. In terms of healthcare, as telemedicine and virtual health become key roles in diagnosing, evaluating and treating patients, they will have smarter functions.
By 2021, older and more mature technologies will not be obsolete. On the contrary, they will remain an important factor that has the ability to change the lives of enterprises and individuals. After all, the trajectory of the transformation plan in 2021 will depend on the development of existing technologies.
For a world that is increasingly dependent on all gadgets/technology, those who don’t want to be left behind need to prepare new and better mobile products, better integration, and overall better performance.
The construction of a smart city has only a starting point and no end. Smart city construction is a long-term and continuous improvement, rather than a one-time “turnkey” project. In the past, the construction of smart cities was “one thousand cities with one side”, but now it is “policies for each city, one policy for one city”, showing its own merits and a pattern of blooming flowers. We have reason to believe that in the near future, cities will further absorb the trend of digital transformation and comprehensively improve the quality of life of their citizens.